halayTagalog palay1nOryza sativa.Rice, unhusked, a staple food of the Philippines.Traditionally Tboli have planted only upland rice on mountain sides. The main parts of the rice plant are: tlê 'a shoot' (which comes up at the base of the plant, usually three or four for each plant); |tinu 'the stalk' (each one has five or six hollow joints, with a leaf coming out at each joint); doun 'leaves' (which are long, slender, and pointed, rather stiff); teglang 'the stem' (where the leaf is attached to the stalk); klifak 'a sheath-like covering at the base of each stem'; (after the leaf has dried and fallen off, the klifak remains on the stalk, strengthening it); bungu 'fruit' (i.e., the grains of rice which grow on a branched panicle (head), each one bearing from fifty to three hundred spikelets (flowers) from which the grains develop). When speaking in general of the unhusked rice grains, they are called botù, which is any spherical entity; husked rice is msó; glutinous rice is hulut. The importance of rice in the culture can be seen in (1) the many stages they can identify in the development of the rice plant, and (2) in the great many varieties of upland rice Tboli can identify by looking at the grains.Appendix 05 Stages in rice plant development; Appendix 06 Varieties of upland ricevTo produce, plant rice, have an abundant harvest.Ni halay ni mò le halay.This year they plant rice.Tey hmalay yó kem tau bè Ledel halay ni.The people at Ledel have an abundant harvest this year.ge-, he-, ke-, -m-.Angat hmalay kun tum dnadu tu.That plowed field there will produce much rice.Ne tódô buten bè yó ne yem hol kkinì nawa yó kem tau, bè yem hol kmò le tniba mò hnalay le.And beginning right then the people are really inspired (hot breaths) to make their fields ready for planting rice.-n-.Angat hnalay le yê kun tum dnadu le leged.They say their mother and company will plant rice on the plowed field upstream.bolok halaySo much rice it can't all be harvested.halay bolokRotten, spoiled rice.Appendix 06 Varieties of upland rice2nA year.Strictly speaking, a year includes only the ten months used for rice production. The new year begins with January, the time for clearing an area for a rice field, and ends with October, the time for threshing. November and December are spoken of as kogol kmusu 'after threshing'. (See Agricultural seasons under bulón 'month'.)

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